Wind farming - Can I get
How does it work?
Following is a guide to the 'nuts and bolts' of
establishing a wind farm. It should answer most questions
about the basic steps in development but is by no means a
comprehensive overview. Please contact our office for
further information on any aspect of the process.
Is my land suitable?
The first step in establishing a viable wind farm is
identifying suitable land. This is generally land in
coastal or elevated areas which has the best capacity to
capture consistent wind and make the project economically
viable. The land should also have good opportunities for
grid connection. This means that land close to electricity
grids is preferable but not exclusive. It is possible to
establish a new connection but the viability of this would
need to be assessed depending on the expected yield of the
farm. A minimum of around 250 acres would be required to
establish an economically viable farm.
Will it affect my livestock?
Wind farming can be done in conjunction with conventional
farming of livestock and there is no evidence to suggest
that wind farming has any adverse affects on stock.
Generally a wind farm only uses around 1 percent of the
total land area including access roads etc.
How big are the turbines?
Each turbine is around 80 metres tall and about 3 metres
wide. This varies however on the make and type of the
How do you assess suitability?
Once a suitable site has been identified, we would then
conduct some preliminary assessment of the viability of
the farm. This would include a rough outline of where
turbines may be placed and what the expected yield of the
farm would be i.e. How many megawatts of electricity would
be produced? We would also have to assess what the
implications of the farm might be i.e. will it be too
close to houses? how will it effect the local community?
And what impact will it have on the landscape? Most
councils already have guidelines for development and we
can usually answer most of these questions without too
What can I expect to get for the lease of my land?
When we have answered all of the preliminary questions, we
would then approach the landowner or landowners and
discuss the option of leasing the land for the purpose of
wind farming. The landowner is paid a percentage of the
gross operating profit of the wind farm once it has been
established. This percentage varies dependent on the
approximate yield of the farm and would be thoroughly
discussed and outlined before any lease would be signed.
There is no cost at any stage to the landowner.
Once agreed, our solicitors would then draw up a contract
specific to the land which all involved landowners would
then be required to sign. Generally a lease is for twenty
years with the option to renew at the end of the lease.
What happens when I sign up?
When we have a signed contract, we would then commence
work on an environmental impact statement. We would also
need to apply to the council to erect a wind testing mast
if more information is required on wind regimes for the
area. It usually takes around six months to put together
an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) which we would
submit to the council. We would ideally work in unison
with the council throughout this entire process. The
environmental impact statement is a very comprehensive
report which assesses all aspects of the wind farm's
expected impact including expected impacts of
How long will it take?
If the council approves the wind farm, we would then begin
construction of the farm which takes around 12 months
depending on the site. Once up and running we would fully
manage and maintain the farm for the duration of the
lease. At the end of the lease, the turbines would be
dismantled and removed or may be replaced or retained if
the lease is renewed.
DATA SOUND DEFINITIONS AND LEVELS
aircraft (250 metres overhead)
| Hazard to
hearing from continuous exposure
| Heavy truck
traveling at 40km/h in a distance of 7 metres
car traveling at 60km/h in a 7 distance of 7 metres
Communication starts becoming difficult
| Windfarm at